What Are 5 Risk Factors For CVD?

What factors increase your risk of CVD?

The main risk factors for CVD are outlined below.High blood pressure.

High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the most important risk factors for CVD.

Smoking.

High cholesterol.

Diabetes.

Inactivity.

Being overweight or obese.

Family history of CVD.

Ethnic background.More items….

What are the 5 risk factors?

The five risk factors are: increased blood pressure (greater than 130/85 mmHg)…Your doctor may check one or more of the following:waist circumference.fasting blood triglycerides.cholesterol levels.blood pressure.fasting glucose level.

What are the 4 uncontrollable risk factors?

The “uncontrollable” risk factors are: Age (the risk increases with age)…The “controllable” risk factors are:Smoking.High blood pressure.High blood cholesterol.High blood sugar (diabetes)Obesity and overweight.Obesity and Overweight.Physical inactivity.Stress.

What are the 6 risk factors?

3.2, health risk factors and their main parameters in built environments are further identified and classified into six groups: biological, chemical, physical, psychosocial, personal, and others.

How can you reduce your risk of developing CVD?

Fortunately, there are many things you can do to reduce your chances of getting heart disease:Control your blood pressure. … Keep your cholesterol and triglyceride levels under control. … Stay at a healthy weight. … Eat a healthy diet. … Get regular exercise. … Limit alcohol. … Don’t smoke. … Manage stress.More items…

What is a controllable risk factor for disease?

Controllable risk factors are those which you can take steps to change or influence. Diet. Smoking. Excessive alcohol consumption. Inactivity.

What increases your chances of having a heart attack?

Several health conditions, your lifestyle, and your age and family history can increase your risk for heart disease and heart attack. These are called risk factors. About half of all Americans have at least one of the three key risk factors for heart disease: high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and smoking.

What are the 5 risk factors of heart disease?

Major Risk FactorsHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. … High Blood Cholesterol. One of the major risk factors for heart disease is high blood cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Obesity and Overweight. … Smoking. … Physical Inactivity. … Gender. … Heredity.More items…

What are the 6 secondary CVD risk factors?

We quantified the proportions of patients who were at the preventive treatment goal according to the guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology for six risk factors: hypertension, dyslipidaemia, smoking, overweight, physical inactivity and diabetes mellitus, and the use preventive medication.

Who is at high risk of heart attack?

Men age 45 or older and women age 55 or older are more likely to have a heart attack than are younger men and women. Tobacco. This includes smoking and long-term exposure to secondhand smoke. High blood pressure.

What are the two types of risk factors?

If the risk factor, when it is manipulated, does not change the risk of the outcome, then this is called a variable marker. If the risk factor can be shown to be manipulable and when manipulated changes the probability of the outcome, then this is termed a causal risk factor.

What are the six main risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

Major risk factors that can’t be changedIncreasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…•

What is the #1 cause of cardiovascular disease?

High blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and smoking are key risk factors for heart disease. Several other medical conditions and lifestyle choices can also put people at a higher risk for heart disease, including: Diabetes. Overweight and obesity.

What are examples of risk factors?

Risk factor examplesNegative attitudes, values or beliefs.Low self-esteem.Drug, alcohol or solvent abuse.Poverty.Children of parents in conflict with the law.Homelessness.Presence of neighbourhood crime.Early and repeated anti-social behaviour.More items…•